How Do Most Companies Get Hacked? Understanding Common Vulnerabilities and Attack Vectors

In today’s digital world, companies face a growing range of cyber threats. Despite the advancements in cybersecurity, no organization is completely immune from hacking attempts. Understanding how most companies get hacked can help you strengthen your defenses. In this blog post, we’ll explore common vulnerabilities and the attack vectors that hackers use to gain unauthorized access to company systems.

Phishing Attacks: The Human Element

Phishing is one of the most prevalent attack methods, often exploiting human error. In a typical phishing attack, hackers send fraudulent emails that appear to be from a trusted source. These emails aim to trick employees into clicking on malicious links or providing sensitive information. Phishing can lead to stolen credentials, malware installation, and unauthorized access to company networks.

Weak Passwords and Credential Reuse

Many companies still rely on weak or default passwords for critical systems. Hackers use automated tools to crack these passwords, gaining unauthorized access to sensitive data. Credential reuse—where employees use the same password across multiple platforms—also poses a significant risk. A single data breach can give hackers access to multiple systems if credentials are reused.

Software Vulnerabilities and Unpatched Systems

Outdated software and unpatched systems are common entry points for hackers. Cybercriminals often exploit known vulnerabilities in operating systems, applications, and network devices to gain unauthorized access. Failing to apply security patches in a timely manner can leave a company exposed to a range of attacks, including ransomware and remote code execution.

Insider Threats

Not all threats come from outside the organization. Insider threats occur when employees or contractors misuse their access to company systems for malicious purposes. This can include data theft, unauthorized access, or sabotage. Insider threats can be challenging to detect because insiders often have legitimate access to critical systems.

Social Engineering and Business Email Compromise

Social engineering attacks manipulate individuals into revealing confidential information or performing actions that compromise security. Business Email Compromise (BEC) is a common social engineering tactic where hackers impersonate executives or other trusted individuals to authorize fraudulent transactions or gain access to sensitive data.

Insecure Cloud Configurations

As companies increasingly move their data and applications to the cloud, insecure cloud configurations have become a major concern. Misconfigured cloud storage or services can leave data exposed to unauthorized access. Hackers often scan the internet for misconfigured cloud resources, allowing them to access sensitive information without needing complex hacking techniques.


Companies face a wide range of threats from various attack vectors. By understanding the common ways companies get hacked, you can take proactive steps to strengthen your cybersecurity posture. Educate your employees about phishing and social engineering, enforce strong password policies, keep your software up to date, and regularly review your cloud configurations. Additionally, consider implementing advanced security solutions like multi-factor authentication and security information and event management (SIEM) to detect and respond to threats in real-time. By taking a holistic approach to cybersecurity, you can significantly reduce the risk of a successful cyberattack.